Readers ask: Who Discovered Indonesia?

When was Indonesia founded?

An early 18th century Dutch map from a time when only the north coastal ports of Java were well known to the Dutch. Independence Period: On August 17, 1945, Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta proclaimed the independent Republic of Indonesia with Sukarno as president and Hatta as vice president.

Why is Indonesia called Indonesia?

Although Indonesia did not become the country’s official name until the time of independence, the name was used as early as 1884 by a German geographer; it is thought to derive from the Greek indos, meaning “India,” and nesos, meaning “island.” After a period of occupation by the Japanese (1942–45) during World War II,

What did Indonesia create?

Indonesians has developed a long tradition of fermentation technique, among others are tempeh, oncom, tuak, brem and tapai. Tanja sail, an Indonesian invention with global influence, because it allows ships to sail against the wind.

What is the old name of Indonesia?

Short Form: Indonesia. Former Names: Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies.

What is the nickname of Indonesia?

That is why Indonesia is called as the emerald of the equator.

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Is Indonesia a Islamic country?

Indonesia contains the largest Muslim population of all countries in the world. But despite this Muslim majority, the country does not constitute a Muslim or Islamic country based on Islamic law. Instead, Indonesia is a secular democratic country, but with very strong Islamic influences.

What is the main religion in Indonesia?

According to population census data in 2010, 87 percent of Indonesians declared themselves to be Muslim, followed by 9.87 percent who were Christian. Indonesia has the largest Islamic population in the world and for this reason is often recognized as a Muslim nation.

What is the main culture of Indonesia?

Indonesia is centrally-located along ancient trading routes between the Far East, South Asia and the Middle East, resulting in many cultural practices being strongly influenced by a multitude of religions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, and Islam, all strong in the major trading cities.

Who colonized Indonesia first?

In 1596 the first Dutch vessels anchored at the shores of West Java. Over the next three centuries, the Dutch gradually colonized this archipelago until it became known as the Dutch East Indies.

What is Indonesia known for?

Nowadays, Indonesia is famous for its diverse and multicultural islands, from deeply religious Aceh in the north; to the country’s center of government in Java; to the tropical paradise of Bali; and all the way down to the province of Papua on the border with independent Papua New Guinea.

Why did Japan invade Indonesia?

The East Indies were targeted by the Japanese for their rich oil resources which would become a vital asset during the war. The campaign and subsequent three and a half year Japanese occupation was also a major factor in the end of Dutch colonial rule in the region.

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Who is king of Indonesia?

Kertanagara is still venerated by Indonesians as one of their greatest rulers. The information on him is sketchy and is primarily based on the two Javanese chronicles—the Pararaton (“Book of Kings”) and Nāgarakertāgama (the epic of Majapahit), which give contradictory pictures of the King.

Where did Indonesia originate from?

The history of ancestral migration started 72,000 years ago when a group of Homo sapiens or modern humans travelled south from the African continent to the Arabian peninsula towards India. The descendants of this first wave of people arrived to what is now the Indonesian archipelago around 50,000 ago.

Is Indonesia safe?

Indonesia is mostly a safe country to travel to, though it still has its dangers from natural disasters to terrorism and petty theft. Be very cautious on the streets of Indonesia and plan your trip carefully.

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