- 1 How did East Timor became free from Indonesia?
- 2 What was the cause of the violence in East Timor in 1999?
- 3 What year did Indonesia invade East Timor?
- 4 Did Indonesia invade East Timor?
- 5 What was East Timor called before?
- 6 Is East Timor safe?
- 7 What is the religion of East Timor?
- 8 Who was Indonesia colonized by?
- 9 Was East Timor a Portuguese colony?
- 10 What is Dili the capital of?
- 11 Why is Indonesia in West Papua?
- 12 What happened to the Balibo five?
How did East Timor became free from Indonesia?
In 1999, in a UN-sponsored referendum, an overwhelming majority of East Timorese voted for independence from Indonesia. Immediately following the referendum, anti-independence Timorese militias – organised and supported by the Indonesian military – commenced a scorched earth campaign.
What was the cause of the violence in East Timor in 1999?
The 1999 East Timorese crisis began with attacks by pro-Indonesia militia groups on civilians, and expanded to general violence throughout the country, centred in the capital Dili. The violence intensified after a majority of eligible East Timorese voters chose independence from Indonesia.
What year did Indonesia invade East Timor?
Australia has led international support for East Timor during its first 10 years of independence, not only as the largest bilateral donor of development assistance, but also by providing a leadership role to ensure security and stability in the country.
Did Indonesia invade East Timor?
The Indonesian invasion of East Timor, known in Indonesia as Operation Lotus (Indonesian: Operasi Seroja), began on 7 December 1975 when the Indonesian military (ABRI/TNI) invaded East Timor under the pretext of anti-colonialism and anti-communism to overthrow the Fretilin regime that had emerged in 1974.
What was East Timor called before?
East Timor was colonised by Portugal in the 16th century and was known as Portuguese Timor until 28 November 1975, when the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (Fretilin) declared the territory’s independence.
Is East Timor safe?
Crime continues to be a problem in Timor-Leste, including gang-related violence, robbery (in some cases armed), and assault. Be vigilant at all times and avoid displaying expensive items of jewellery or carrying large sums of money. There have been reports of harassment and violence against women.
What is the religion of East Timor?
According to the 2015 census, 97.6 percent of the population is Catholic, 1.96 percent Protestant, and less than 1 percent Muslim. Protestant denominations include the Assemblies of God, Baptists, Presbyterians, Methodists, Seventh-day Adventists, Pentecostals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and the Christian Vision Church.
Who was Indonesia colonized by?
In 1596 the first Dutch vessels anchored at the shores of West Java. Over the next three centuries, the Dutch gradually colonized this archipelago until it became known as the Dutch East Indies.
Was East Timor a Portuguese colony?
Portuguese Timor (Portuguese: Timor Português) refers to East Timor during the historic period in which it was a Portuguese colony that lasted between 1702 and 1975. The independence of East Timor was finally achieved in 2002 following a UN-administered transition period.
What is Dili the capital of?
Dili, also spelled Dilly or Dilli, city and capital of East Timor. It lies on Ombai Strait on the northern coast of Timor island, the easternmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands. Dili is the chief port and commercial centre for East Timor; it also has an airport.
Why is Indonesia in West Papua?
Indonesia has controlled West Papua since invading in 1963 and formalising its annexation through the controversial, UN approved, ‘Act of Free Choice’. Security forces are accused of severe human rights violations during the occupation with an estimated 500,000 Papuans killed.
What happened to the Balibo five?
The Balibo Five were based in the town of Balibo in East Timor (then Portuguese Timor), where they were killed on 16 October 1975 during Indonesian incursions before the invasion. The official Indonesian version is that the men were killed by cross-fire during the battle for the town.