FAQ: When Did Indonesia Get Independence?

How did Indonesia get independence?

Indonesia gained its independence at the end of WW2 in 1945. The Dutch ruled Indonesia until the Japenese invasion and subsequent occupation in 1942. After the Japanese surrendered in 1945, Indonesia was declared independent by Sukarno, the country’s first president.

Who gave Indonesia independence?

In December 1949, after four years of military and diplomatic confrontation with the Netherlands, the Dutch Government finally recognised the independence of the Dutch East Indies, which became the Republic of the United States of Indonesia.

Why was Indonesia granted independence?

Following the call from the allies for Japan to surrender, the Japanese decided to grant Indonesian independence to create problems for the Dutch when they reoccupied their colony.

What is the old name of Indonesia?

Short Form: Indonesia. Former Names: Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies.

Why did Japan leave Indonesia?

Thus, through both the destruction of the Dutch colonial regime and the facilitation of Indonesian nationalism, the Japanese occupation created the conditions for the proclamation of Indonesian independence within days of the Japanese surrender in the Pacific.

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Who has colonized Indonesia?

In 1596 the first Dutch vessels anchored at the shores of West Java. Over the next three centuries, the Dutch gradually colonized this archipelago until it became known as the Dutch East Indies.

Was Indonesia a British colony?

From 1811 to 1815, Indonesia was administrated by the British. The British ruled the Malay Peninsula (British Malaya) and Northern Borneo, while the Dutch controlled Java, Sumatra, and most of the Indonesian archipelago until the Japanese invasion in 1942.

How long did Dutch occupy Indonesia?

For example, when you talk to an Indonesian individual about the colonial period (whether the individual is highly educated or uneducated) he/she will say that Indonesia was colonized by the Dutch for three and a half centuries.

What was Indonesia like before colonization?

The archipelago we now know as Indonesia consisted of islands and estates ruled by various kingdoms and empires, sometimes living in peaceful coexistence while at other times being at state of war with each other. This vast archipelago lacked the sense of social and political unity that Indonesia has today.

What countries are Dutch?

There are around 23 million native speakers of Dutch worldwide. Dutch is spoken in the Netherlands, Belgium (Flanders) and Suriname. Dutch is also an official language of Aruba, CuraƧao and St Maarten.

What is the main reason for the rise of nationalism in Indonesia?

Several factors gave rise to a nationalist consciousness: the indigenous print media, urbanisation, communism, Islam, education, mass entertainment (such as film, stambul theatre, and kroncong music), and suffering under Dutch apartheid. Nationalists helped incubate a national consciousness.

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How many Indonesian died in ww2?

There is further evidence of a racial exclusion policy on Dutch Memorial Day: Indonesian victims of World War II are also not commemorated. Although the number is not verified, civilian casualties from World War II in Indonesia are commonly estimated at 4 million.

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